Hierarchy of scientific evidence – keys to scientific skepticism

I am  a scientific skeptic. It means that I pursue published scientific evidence to support or refute a scientific or medical principle. I am not a cynic, often conflated with skepticism. I don't have an opinion about these ideas. Scientific skepticism depends on the quality and quantity of evidence that supports a scientific…

Acupuncture research – evidence is overwhelming that it is not medicine

Recently, I read an article in the Medical Journal of Australia that lists "156 health care practices identified and flagged through the search platform as potentially unsafe, ineffective or inappropriate in certain circumstances (pdf)." They cover procedures from prostatectomies to arterial stenting that lack evidence to support their continued use in many circumstances. Unsurprisingly, the list…

Scientific consensus – collective opinion of scientists

In the hierarchy of scientific principles, the scientific consensus – collective opinion and judgement of scientific experts in a particular field – is an important method to separate real scientific thought from junk science, pseudoscience, cargo cult science, and other fake beliefs. I often discuss scientific theories which "are large bodies of work…
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