In 2014, I reported on an outbreak of a mysterious viral disease that exhibited polio-like symptoms. At the time, around 23 children and young adults were afflicted with this polio-like syndrome, known as acute flaccid myelitis. Since then, a total of around 350 individuals have been stricken by the acute flaccid myelitis from 2014 through 2018.
Recent reports of another outbreak of acute flaccid myelitis in Minnesota has brought out zombie memes pushed by the anti-vaccine religion, they blame acute flaccid myelitis on the polio vaccine. Of course, these bogus claims aren’t based on any scientific evidence, but that’s never stopped the anti-vaccine zealots.
These outbreaks have caused the public health sleuths to search for the actual causes of this polio-like syndrome. And there just isn’t any robust or valid evidence that the polio vaccine is anyway related to acute flaccid myelitis.
As we know, polio can be a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease caused by the poliovirus, a human enterovirus, that spreads from person to person invading the brain and spinal cord and causing paralysis. Because polio has no cure, the polio vaccine is the best way to protect ourselves from the crippling disease.
The United States last experienced a polio epidemic in the 1950s, prior to the introduction of the polio vaccine 60 years ago. Today, polio has been eradicated from most of the planet, as the number of worldwide polio cases has fallen from an estimated 350,000 in 1988 to 32 in 2018 – a decline of more than 99% in reported cases.
Because real scientists wanted to know what caused this acute flaccid myelitis outbreak, they tried to hunt down the actual cause. And that’s when they landed on enterovirus 68, a once-rare virus. As we always do, we’ll look at the facts behind this virus and its relationship to polio (or polio vaccines).